The Internet of things (IoT) is the network of physical devices, vehicles, home appliances, and other items embedded with electronics, software, sensors, actuators, and connectivity which enables these things to connect, collect and exchange data,
creating opportunities for more direct integration of the physical world into computer-based systems, resulting in efficiency improvements, economic benefits, and reduced human exertions.
A Nest learning thermostat reporting on energy usage and local weather.
The extensive set of applications for IoT devices is often divided into consumer, commercial, industrial, and infrastructure spaces.
A growing portion of IoT devices are created for consumer use, including connected vehicles, home automation/smart home, wearable technology, connected health, and appliances with remote monitoring capabilities.
IoT devices are a part of the larger concept of home automation, which can include lighting, heating and air conditioning, media and security systems.Long term benefits could include energy savings by automatically ensuring lights and electronics are turned off.
One key application of smart home is to provide assistance for those with disabilities and elderly individuals. These home systems utilize assistive technology to accommodate an owner’s specific disabilities.Voice control can assist users with sight and mobility limitations while alert systems can be connected directly to Cochlear implants worn by hearing impaired users They can also be equipped with additional safety features. These features can include sensors that monitor for medical emergencies such as falls or seizures. Smart home technology applied in this way can provide users with more freedom and a higher quality of life.Commercial applications
The term “Enterprise IoT” refers to devices used in business and corporate settings. By 2019, it is estimated that EIoT will account for 9.1 billion devices.